The Political Culture Of The National Democratic Congress-(Ndc)

The Political Culture Of The National Democratic Congress-(Ndc)



The state of Ghana, has existed since 1957 and a lot of political parties have made a transient journey in her history which amongst them, the national democratic congress seem to constitute an embodiment of severity and supreme over its competitors.

As a political party that evolved from the retreated Provisional National Defense counsel (PNDC), which had been in government since December 1981, and has advanced immensely from the state machinery and resources because of the charismatic personality and political ability of his Excellency Jerry John Rawlings who had dominated the political scene since 1981 made his name and the NDC a household name across the country.

The National Democratic Congress was officially formed on the 10th of June 1992 as a coalition of a number of patriotic movements, organizations, and political groupings including the New Nation Club, Development Union, and the Eagle Club, the Front and many others as well as numerous individuals who together make up

NDC is a social democratic party that believes in the equality and unrestricted treatment of all persons with respect to their political, economic, social, cultural and pious relations in a multi-party environment.

It has a vision of a society in which the welfare of one is the concern of all. It is a vision that seeks to give form to political representation as an effective and universal tool to open the door of economic opportunities to everyone and guarantees social justice for all.


The NDC is coming together of groups and individuals from diverse backgrounds who share a common determination to build a stable, just and democratic society and who believe that the principles of development through the united participation of all Ghanaians remains the foundation of our self-ruled programme.

Its main political emphasis remains the progressive in the protection of the under-privileged and the upliftment of the socially destitute at all times. The Party is committed to social democracy because it has its ancestries in grassroots participation and the involvement of ordinary citizens in decision-making at the local and national levels. It has a social conscience because it believes that the orderly, stable and prosperous existence of society is a condition for the orderly and prosperous development of individuals within the society.

The NDC believes in the free market system. But because of the Party’s commitment to the cause of the socially disadvantaged and the principle of equity in the exploitation of our national resources, it will pursue a programme of total economic opportunity for the citizens of Ghana in all matters to the extent that their role in the economy will be full, and inure to the advantage of the nation.

The current global economic system, the Party observes, is slowly recognizing the marginalization and in some instances the impoverishment of developing countries through inimical trade and exploitation practices as factors in global instability. The Party on this score supports all legitimate efforts to correct the iniquities in the current global economic system. It expresses solidarity with the coalition of forces that has recently challenged the advanced economies to resolve the issues of debt, inaccessibility markets and a non-concessionary financial market which face developing countries.

The NDC is committed to the transformation of the previous near total state controlled economic system into a free market system. The market is critical for the effective and efficient performance of industry, agriculture and indeed the entire economy, but the market must not be allowed to create conditions for the exploitation of the majority of the people by a privileged few indigenous and foreign economic operators.

Arising out of these therefore, the economic programme of the Party is based on the liberalization of the economy involving greater private sector participation and deregulation.

Foreign investment may continue to play a critical role in the economy, but the emphasis must be on self-reliance, with greater attention being paid to a domestically rejuvenated social sector to give fresh impetus to health, education, housing and employment.

The Party aims at empowering the lowest paid member of the community to have access to social amenities, to private comfort and the economic opportunities that are available to the wealthiest members of the society, though not necessarily in the same magnitude or to the same extent.

The Party’s brand of social democracy thus seeks to marry the efficiency of the market and private initiative with the compassion of state intervention to protect the disadvantaged and the marginalized and to ensure optimum production and distributive justice.


The general goals of the Ghanaian society are captured in Chapter 6 of the 1992 Constitution under the “Directive Principles of State Policy”. The philosophy of the National Democratic

Congress combines a commitment to those goals with the Party’s world-view and its own goals, and the means of attaining both national and Party goals, based on its shared body of common ideas, common beliefs and common experience.